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23 May 2024

Clinical Negligence

What is a Brain Injury?

The brain controls our thoughts, emotions, and bodily functions, but if it suffers injury the consequences can be profound and life-altering. Our Clinical Negligence team take a look at the causes and types of brain injuries

brain injury solicitor

Brain injuries can stem from various factors including accidents, medical conditions, and sadly, medical negligence.

Causes of Brain Injuries

  1. Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs): These result from external forces impacting the head, such as falls, car accidents, or assaults. TBIs can range from mild concussions to severe injuries causing long-term disability.
  2. Non-Traumatic Brain Injuries: These occur without external force, often due to medical conditions like strokes, tumours, or infections.
  3. Anoxic Brain Injuries: Lack of oxygen to the brain can result from medical emergencies like cardiac arrest, drowning, or suffocation.
  4. Medical Negligence: Errors during medical treatment can lead to severe brain injuries. These include surgical mistakes, improper anaesthesia administration, birth injuries, and misdiagnosis.

Types of Brain Injuries

Brain injuries manifest in various forms, each with its own set of challenges and implications. From concussions to penetrating injuries, the spectrum of brain trauma is vast and multifaceted.

  1. Concussions: Mild traumatic brain injuries resulting from a blow or jolt to the head. Symptoms may include headache, confusion, and temporary loss of consciousness.
  2. Contusions: Bruising of brain tissue typically caused by direct impact to the head.
  3. Diffuse Axonal Injuries: Caused by strong rotational forces, leading to widespread damage to nerve fibres in the brain.
  4. Penetrating Injuries: Occur when an object penetrates the skull and damages brain tissue.
  5. Hypoxic-Ischemic Injuries: Caused by oxygen deprivation, leading to brain cell death and potentially permanent damage.

Medical Negligence and Brain Injuries

Medical negligence can have devastating consequences for patients, particularly when it results in brain injuries. Examples include:

  1. Surgical Errors: Mistakes during brain surgery can lead to permanent damage or even wrongful death.
  2. Birth Injuries: Improper delivery techniques or failure to address foetal distress can result in brain damage to the newborn.
  3. Anaesthesia Errors: Administering incorrect doses or failing to monitor patients properly during anaesthesia can lead to brain injury or coma.
  4. Misdiagnosis or Delayed Diagnosis: Failing to diagnose and treat conditions like strokes or brain tumours promptly can result in irreversible brain damage.

Symptoms of Brain Injuries

Identifying the symptoms of brain injuries is crucial for early intervention and treatment. Symptoms may include:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Memory problems
  • Changes in behaviour

Brain Injuries are complex and often devastating, impacting every aspect of a person’s life. When these injuries occur due to medical negligence, individuals deserve justice and compensation for their suffering.

How We Can Help

If you, or a loved one, have experienced a brain injury due to medical malpractice our specialist clinical negligence solicitors are here to help. Contact us today.

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